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Roju Ryu

  Definition and Characteristic       History       Characteristics of Goju Ryu       Lineages       Katas       Terminology

TERMINOLOGY


GENERAL TERMS FORMALITIES
Karate empty hand Onegai-shimasu please teach me
Dojo training room Arigato-Gozaimashita thank you very much
Gi uniform Rei bow
Obi belt Seiza kneel down
Sensei instructor Mokuso meditation
Sempai senior student Shugo line up
Hajime begin Kiyotsuke attention
Yame stop Sensei-Ni face the teacher
Yoi ready Shomen-Ni face the front
Jodan upper area Otagi Ni face partner
Chudan middle area Kiritsu stand up
Gedan lower area COUNTING
Migi right Ichi one
Hidari left Ni two
Shomen front San three
Ushiro back Shi four
Yoko side Go five
Mawashi roundhouse Roku six
Ashi o kaete change stance Shichi seven
Te o kaete change hands Hachi eight
Mawatte turn around Ku nine
Ki-ai shout (as you strike) Ju ten
STANCES FOOT TECHNIQUES
Dachi (Tachi) stance Geri (-Keri) kick
Heisoku-Dachi feet together Mae-Geri front kick
Musubi-Dachi heels together Mawashi-Geri roundhouse kick
Heiko-Dachi parallel stance Yoko-Geri side kick
Hachiji-Dachi natural stance Ushiro-Geri back kick
Shiko-Dachi straddle leg stance Kansetsu-Geri joint kick
Sanchin-Dachi hourglass stance Tobi-Geri jumping kick
Zenkutsu-Dachi front stance Hiza-Geri knee kick
Han Zenkutsu-Dachi half front stance Ashi-Barai foot sweep
Neko Ashi-Dachi cat stance Kakato-Otoshi heel drop
Sagi Ashi-Dachi crane stance Fumikomi stamp
BLOCKING TECHNIQUES HAND TECHNIQUES
Uke block Tsuki (Zuki) punch
Age Uke rising block Choku-Zuki straight punch
Chudan Uke middle area block Oi-Zuki lunge punch
Gedan Barai lower area block Gyaku-zuki reverse punch
Yoko Uke side block Ura-Zuki short punch
Uchi Uke inside forearm block Furi-Zuki circular swing punch
Mawashi Uke round-house block Nukite-Zuki finger thrust
Shotei Uke palm-heel block Shotei-Zuki palm-heel thrust
Ko Uke wrist block Uraken-Uchi back-fist strike
Kake Uke hook block Shuto-Uchi knife hand strike
Hiki Uke grasping block Tettsui-Uchi bottom fist strike
Sukui Uke scoop block Haito-Uchi ridge-hand strike
PARTS OF THE FOOT PRACTISE FIGHTING
Josokutei ball of foot Kumite sparring
Sokuto foot edge San Dan Gi basic three-step / three level sparring
Kakato heel Sanbon Kumite three-step sparring
Haisoku instep Ippon Kumite one-step sparring (block and counter)
Ashiyubi toes Jiyu Ippon Kumite free one-step sparring
OTHER TERMS Randori Kumite light free style sparring (emphasis on technique)
Junbi Undo warm-up preliminary exercises Jiyu Kumite hard and fast controlled free fighting
Hojo Undo supplementary training (eg.makiwara or chishi) Yakusoku Kumite prearranged sparring
Bunkai techniques and application of a kata    
Kime focus    
Kihon basics    
Shime testing of Sanchin kata    

 

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